Blood in the stool may be dangerous most of the time, but it does not happen in all the related cases. Often people come to know about the presence of blood during excretion of the stool. They can also recognize it while wiping after a bowel movement or by their doctor or medical adviser. Though, the blood in stool alarms towards a severe problem, but it does not always a critical issue. Most of the time, the problem of constipation proves to be a significant cause of blood in the stool. However, one must consult a doctor if they experience having blood in their stool.
Causes of Blood in Stool
There may be several reasons that can cause blood in the stool. But there is a significant cause that proves to be the initiative of others regarding the disorder. It starts bleeding or some kind of injury in the digestive tract, which leads to the bleeding in the stool. Blood in the stool can be in different colors, i.e., bright red, maroon, or black. Sometimes it is occult that the naked eye cannot notice it. Only the laboratory tests can diagnose it. Let us have a look at the causes that proceed bleeding in the stool.
Diverticulitis disease refers to the growth of small diverticula or the small sacs inside the large intestine. These sacs may take birth anywhere in the colon, but most commonly, they appear in the sigmoid colon. The sigmoid colon is the closest part of the large intestine that lies near the rectum. Though the diverticular disease is a normal condition, sometimes it shapes in the form of blood in stool that may be harmful most of the time.
Causes of Diverticulitis Disease
The main cause of diverticular disease, as mentioned above, is the growth of small-sized sacs on the inside wall of the large intestine.
Symptoms of Diverticulitis Disease
The Diverticulitis disease does not have any distinct symptoms that may help in its diagnosis. Although, the medical or laboratory tests help the doctor or the medical adviser indicate the diverticulitis disease.
How to cure Diverticulitis Disease
Likewise, the diverticulitis disease does not alarm towards a very critical condition. It does not have specific symptoms, yet one should necessarily go to the hospital and consult a doctor. Mostly the doctors suggest diet modifications, antibiotics, and sometimes the possible surgery in such condition.
An anal fissure is very common among the newborns or the young infants, but it may influence the people of any age group. The anal fissure appears in the form of a tear inside the mucosa. The mucosa refers to a thin and moist tissue that lines the anus. An anal fissure takes place as a result of passing hard and large-sized stools during a bowel movement. The affected person experiences the pain and bleeding and sometimes an involuntary muscular contraction in the ring of muscle at the end of his anus.
Causes of Annal Fissure
Some common and uncommon causes of an anal fissure are below.
- Excretion of hard and large-sized stools
- Childbirth: Many women experience anal fissures after they give birth to a child.
- Different types of bowel diseases also cause an anal fissure.
- Anal cancer
- AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) or HIV (human immune-deficiency virus)
- TB or tuberculosis
- Chronic diarrhea
Symptoms of Annal Fissure
- Usual signs of an anal fissure are the following.
- Having pain with the sensation of inflammation during bowel movements
- Long-lasting pain even after several hours after bowel movements
- The excretion of bright red blood in color after or during bowel movements
- A visibly racked skin around the area of the anus
How to cure Annal Fissure
An anal fissure usually takes a few weeks for healing. In this regard, one should try to increase the intake of the food that helps in making the stool soft such as fibers and fluids. The drinking of warm water many times in a day also proves to help transform the hard stool into soft. In case you want to go for an expert’s opinion, then the doctors often suggest nitroglycerin, topical anesthetic creams, botulinum toxin type A (Botox) injection, or the blood pressure medicines. Despite that, sometimes, in sporadic plus critical cases, the doctors also suggest the surgery to treat the anal fissure.
Ulcerative Colitis (UC)
Ulcerative colitis or (UC) is an IBD. The IBD refers to inflammatory bowel disease. The ulcerative colitis affected the person experiences the irritation, the inflammation, or the burning sensation as well as ulcers in his colon for an extended period. The colon is commonly called the large intestine. The ulcerative colitis influences over the innermost layer of the large intestine and the rectum of the affected person as well. Its symptoms, rather than appearing immediately, appear gradually over time; that is why ulcerative colitis takes time in diagnosis.
Types and Causes of Ulcerative Colitis (UC)
There are a few types of ulcerative colitis based on its location. These types are the following.
- ULCERATIVE PROCTITIS: If the ulcerative colitis appears at the closest area of the anus; it shapes ulcerative proctitis. It is a moderate form of ulcerative colitis.
- PROCTOSIGMOIDITIS: In proctosigmoiditis, the inflammation influences the rectum or anus and the sigmoid colon. The sigmoid colon indicates the lower end of the large intestine. The person affected by proctosigmoiditis usually experiences bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and pain. He cannot even remain able to make the bowels despite the urge to do so (tenesmus).
- LEFT SIDED COLITIS: In left-sided colitis, the inflammation broads the area of its influence from the rectum towards the sigmoid (lower) and descending intestine. The one affected by proctosigmoiditis experiences bloody diarrhea, pain in the abdominal area, and on the left side. The weight of the affected person also loses in an unintended manner.
- PANCOLITIS: Pancolitis affects a broader area as compared to other types of ulcerative colitis. Pancolitis affects the large intestine on the whole. The person affected by pancolitis also suffers from severe, bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramps and pain, and fatigue. Also, in this type of ulcerative colitis, the affected person significantly loses his weight.
- ACUTE SEVERE ULCERATIVE COLITIS: This type of ulcerative colitis somehow resembles with pancolitis. It also affects the large intestine completely. As a result of affecting by acute severe ulcerative colitis, the patient deals with severe abdominal pain, profuse diarrhea, bleeding in stool, and fever. It also disables the patient from eating as well.
Symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis (UC)
The symptoms of ulcerative colitis include:
- Bloody diarrhea
- Pain in the abdomen
- Rectal pain
- Noticeable weight loss
- Rectal bleeding while passing stool
How to cure Ulcerative Colitis (UC)
To treat the patient of ulcerative colitis, the doctors mostly suggest surgery if the condition turns exceptionally complicated. In this surgery, the doctors go for removing the entire large intestine and rectum.
Piles refer to a disease whereby the bright red blood appears after a bowel movement. The person affected by piles feels that his bowel is still full even after the passage of stool. They are around the rectum and are itchy, red, and sore. A hemorrhoid is another term used for the current disease called piles. The inflamed tissues in the anal canal are collectively called hemorrhoids. They consist of blood vessels, support tissues, muscles, and elastic fibers.
Piles indicate the inflamed and swollen tissues that are present in the anal region. They may appear in different sizes. They take growth sometimes internally, and sometimes they are also located externally. The internal piles appear 2 CM (centimeters) to 4 CM (centimeters) above the opening area of the anus. The internal piles are the most common rather as compared to the external piles. The external piles occur on the outside edge of the anus.
Causes of Piles
The increased pressure in the lower rectum shapes into piles. Another major reason for piles is the highly increased constipation that alarms an emergency. The pressure in the lower rectum increases as a result of stretching the blood vessels in the rectum. It leads the blood vessels towards swelling, thus forms piles. Its causes are as follows.
- Long-lasting and deteriorate constipation
- Long-lasting diarrhea
- Carrying heavyweights
- Distortion during the passage of stool
- Another major reason for piles is the result of inheritance.
Symptoms of Piles
The symptoms of piles do not appear clearly in most of the cases as the piles heal on their own within a few days or probably weeks as well. But in case the symptoms appear, they would be the following:
- The appearance of a hard and painful lump around the anus
- The lump bleeds often; the bloody piles indicate the thrombosed external hemorrhoids.
- The person affected by piles feels that his bowel is still full even after the passage of stool.
- The sensation of pain during stool
- The area around anus turns red, itchy, and sore.
- The excretion of bright red blood with or after the passage of stool
- Excessive anal bleeding
- Burning sensation while excreting the stool out
How to cure Piles
The piles are one of the diseases that heal on their own within a couple of days or perhaps a few weeks most of the time. However, some treatments can help in speeding up the healing period. They also help the patients of piles in decreasing the pain and itching that they go through while suffering from piles. Let us discuss some treatments that help in healing the piles up and reduces the pain.
In case someone is having piles and goes to the doctor, the doctor in the majority suggests the patients bring some changes in their lifestyle. These changes are as under:
- Diet: The diet should contain a large number of fibers and other ingredients that transform the stool from hard to soft and regular. Fruits and vegetables are mostly fiber-rich meals.
- Lose weight: The doctors suggest losing excessive weight to the patient who is suffering from piles. The exercise is one of the main therapies for piles.
- Medications: Several medications are also helpful in treating piles.
- Surgery: In case the piles do not heal on their own, and even after the above instructions, the doctors go for a surgical option. But it happens the very least and rare cases that the doctors suggest a piles patient a surgery. These medical surgeries include banding, sclera-therapy, infrared coagulation, hemorrhoidectomy, hemorrhoid stapling, and some others.
Some other causes or disorders may lead the blood in stool towards an emergency. These causes or disorders include the angiodysplasia, the peptic ulcers, the polyps or cancer, the esophageal problem, and many others.
How can someone stop blood in his stool
Though blood in the stool, sometimes may not prove to be harmful in some cases, mostly it can drive anyone to the emergencies regarding health. It may create several problems and disturb their digestive system entirely. In case someone is continuously experiencing blood in stool with pain, he must go to the hospital and consult a doctor or a medical adviser. Sometimes the patients of constipation also experience blood in the passing stool. In case constipation increases abnormally, at a critical level, it shapes into piles. However, the precautions in this regard prove to be very helpful in getting rid of blood in the stool.
Blood in Urine
Likewise, stool; people also experience blood in their urine. The blood in urine can be a result of any injury due to an accident or something else. Hematuria is the most common disorder of leakage of blood in the urine. In hematuria, the kidneys or other parts of the urinary tract start bleeding along with the urine. This bleeding can be a result of different issues, i.e., different infections in the urinary tract. These infections generate due to varying types of bacteria that enter the body through the urethra. Once bacteria enter into the urinary bladder, thus causes infection and shapes into the leakage of blood in the urine.
The urine in the blood may not be serious all the time, but the continuous discharge of blood with urine may alarm to an emergency. In case of having so, the patient must go for the consultation of his doctor or his medical adviser.
How to cure blood in Urine
In case the least discharge of blood with urine a few times, the problem may dissolve on its own without even any medication. But if the patient goes through the flow of a large amount of blood in his urine, the doctors then suggest some precautions including medications and sometimes in sporadic and critical cases; the surgery as well.
Medication for Blood in Stool
The doctors treat blood in stool via local measures, i.e., sitz baths, hemorrhoidal creams, and stool softeners. In case, the doctors do not succeed in healing the blood in stool this way; they go for other nonsurgical and surgical treatments as well.
Home remedies for Blood in Stool
- One should intake an excessive amount of water to avoid blood in the stool.
- Bathing every day to cleanse the skin around the anus, so the chances of blood in stool reduce.
- One should reduce straining during bowel movement as straining during bowel movement causes the discharge of blood in the stool.
- The diet plan should contain fibers in it. The fiber-rich vegetables include artichokes, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, collard greens, kale, beet greens, Swiss chard, carrots, parsnips, turnips, celery root, beets, etc. Likewise, the fiber-rich fruits include apples (especially the apple peels contain most of the fiber part in an apple), bananas, strawberries, raspberries, exotic fruits, mango, orange, plum, persimmon, guava, etc.
- One should avoid sitting in the toilet for an extended period as it also causes the discharge of blood in the stool.
- One should go for a sitz bath to prevent blood in the stool. The sitz bath refers to taking a bath from warm water just in the area around the anus, i.e., hips and buttocks. It is perhaps the best home remedy to get rid of the discharge of blood in the stool.
However, the discharge of blood with stool is not severe sometimes, but a continuous and excessive discharge may alarm emergencies. Several medical and non-medical treatments help in getting rid of this issue permanently. One, who experiences blood in stool continuously, must go for the consultation of a doctor or medical adviser. The doctors usually treat the blood in stool based on the condition, whether it is critical or not. If they do not find it so critical, they would suggest some easy precautions, including home remedies. But in case they find it critical, they must acknowledge you from the medical treatments, medications, and sometimes surgeries. Although, the expert’s opinion in this regards matters a lot.