Introduction: What is Cocaine?
Cocaine exists in the form of powder and crystals (known as crack). It is a potent stimulant that comes in use by people frequently as a recreational drug. It makes people highly addicted to itself. People take cocaine in many ways including
- They take the cocaine by snorting.
- They inhale the cocaine as smoke.
- Dissolving or injecting cocaine
The chemical formula of cocaine is C17H21NO4. It is also called Benzoyl methyl ecgonine, blow, coke, and crack (when it exists in freebase form). Cocaine takes place in metabolic reaction when it reaches inside the liver, and it usually takes seconds to minutes in reacting as well. It is easily soluble in water. Its solubility in water is approximately ≈ 1.8. Cocaine stays for nearly one to four hours within a human body after the last intake of it.
How long does cocaine stay in your system, whether in blood or urine?
The intake of cocaine influences your whole body and the internal body organs as well. These body organs include saliva, blood, hair as well as urine. I know it sounds weird, but it stays in hair as well. However, it is impossible to detect the exact interval of time until when the cocaine would remain in your urine. The dependency of this duration relates to some variable factors that might change person to person. These factors include metabolism, age, body mass, hydration level, and some other elements of a human body.
The doctors use various types of screening tests for drug detection. The blood, urine, saliva, and hair follicles do have varying timeframes they take in detecting the drug or the cocaine in your system, i.e., in blood, urine, saliva, and hair follicles as well. These timeframes may exceed from 24 hours up to three months.
The cocaine is a drug that refers to a Scheduled II controlled substances. The controlled substances refer to the chemicals or the drugs that come into manufacturing, and use regulates by the government. This is the reason due to which the cocaine is available for medical and surgical settings on a legal basis as well. Although in the USA (United States America), the recreational utility of cocaine is illegal.
The effects of consuming cocaine
The way you consumed the cocaine in your body, i.e., snorting, injecting, smoking, or snorting, directly influences the intensity and interval of high. For example, in case you took the cocaine by snorting, it produces respectively slow inception of high. It usually lasts in the range between 20 to 30 minutes after the last intake. But on the other hand, if you consume cocaine via smoking, it results immediately as compared to snorting. Its possession lasts from 5 up to 10 minutes maximally.
The inception of cocaine makes you feel outstanding in the sense of bestowing you from the pleasurable feelings, the unusual energy, and the extraordinary confidence that you never experience within the usual conditions. You would go through a “euphoric high” that you never experienced before; it lasts up to 30 minutes. It makes you feel some other physical and psychological emotions that are as follows.
- The feel of being hyper-stimulated
- being unconquerable
- The feeling of being psychologically alert
- more talkative as compared to the usual conditions
- being less sleepy
Beyond that, this “euphoric high” usually leads to an inevitable crash, which causes anxiety, depression, fatigue, stress, and irritability. The reason behind the cocaine being so addictive is the quickness of the current cycle of “euphoric high.” The immediate expected effects after the consumption of cocaine are as follows.
- The compressed blood vessels
- The swollen pupils
- An observable increase in body temperature
- A noticeable acceleration in breathing
- An explicit rise in heart rate
- A detectable elevation in blood pressure
The timeframe until the cocaine lasts after the last intake
The half-life of cocaine is approximately an hour, which shows that it takes longer to remove cocaine from the bloodstream. The cocaine, as mentioned before, gets metabolized when it reaches within the liver and inside the blood. This process takes seconds to happen; that is why most of the screening tests cannot detect it.
These screening tests come into use to detect the benzoylecgonine. The benzoylecgonine is an easily detectable metabolite of cocaine that stays in the body for a longer time compared to cocaine itself. An estimated range of timeframe or the detection windows to test the presence of cocaine in the body are as follows.
A saliva test extracts the sample of saliva from your mouth and shifts it safely into a tube. The saliva test uses a particular device for this purpose. This test has the capability of detecting the metabolites of cocaine within two days after the last intake.
The typical and so-called blood tests can detect the cocaine as well as benzoylecgonine in your blood within 12 and 48 hours, respectively, after the last inception of cocaine.
The metabolites of cocaine are readily detectable in hair follicles within three months after the last intake. However, the dependency of results relates to the area you got the sample.
The laboratories use urine drug screens to detect the presence of cocaine in the urine after the last consumption of it. These tests are very exact for the detection of cocaine metabolites present in the urine. The urine screening tests can usually detect the cocaine metabolites in urine three days after the last intake of cocaine. It is one of the most common tests used for the detection of cocaine in your system. However, in people who use too much cocaine frequently, the timeframe of detection may exceed up to two weeks after the last intake.
The Factors affecting the time of detection
As mentioned before, many factors influence the detection time of cocaine in your system, i.e., in your saliva, blood, hair, and urine; it is impossible to detect the exact interval of time for how long the cocaine would stay in your urine. This duration depends on some variable factors that vary from person to person. These factors include the metabolism, the age, the body mass, the hydration level, the body fat, the physical activity, and some other elements of a human body. It varies with the frequency and the potency of consuming cocaine, the consumption of alcohol and caffeine with cocaine, the method used, etc.
The frequency and potency of consuming cocaine
As much as cocaine you intake per session, the longer the metabolites of cocaine (for example, benzoylecgonine) remain in your system, ready to get detected. Volume and frequency influence the purity level of drugs affected by the timeframe in which the benzoylecgonine exits from your body’s system.
The consumption of Alcohol and Caffeine with Cocaine
The alcohol and the caffeine are the substances that hold up the cocaine and do not let it excrete out of your body. As a result, these substances help in accelerating the timeframe of drug detection in your system.
The body fat
The benzoylecgonine gets stored in the fatty tissues of your body. In case you have the body fat at a higher level, then the fatty tissues assemble the drug in them by giving rise to the time how long does cocaine stay in your body.
The hydration level of your body
The drug (cocaine) might stay longer in your body in case you are facing dehydration. The dehydration is a state of the body whereby you experience severe weakness due to the deficiency of water. The reason behind this is the removal of cocaine metabolites depends upon the presence of water that speeds up the process of elimination.
The Physical Activity
The bodies of active people have a higher rate of metabolism. Such bodies are capable of eliminating cocaine faster relatively.
The Method Used
The consumption method of the cocaine in your body directly influences the intensity and interval of high, i.e., by snorting, injecting, smoking, or snorting. The faster you absorb the drug into the bloodstream, the shorter the detection timeframe. For example, in case you took the cocaine by snorting, it produces respectively slow inception of high. It usually lasts in the range between 20 to 30 minutes after the last intake. But on the other hand, if you consume cocaine via smoking, it results immediately as compared to snorting. Its possession lasts from 5 up to 10 minutes maximally.
The elimination of cocaine
There are many ways to eliminate cocaine from your system. For example, intake of water in excessive amounts, eliminating caffeine and alcohol, ingestion of fresh fruit high that lies in antioxidants, or the natural herbs. The permanent way to remove the cocaine from your body is to stop using it permanently.
I hope this article might prove helpful for its reader in getting acknowledged about the use of cocaine as well as the elimination of drug (cocaine) from your body.